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Evolutionary Creationism – Fine-Tuned Universe

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Evolutionary Creationism: A New Perspective on Purpose and Human Origins

Dr. Andrew Wilson on evolutionary creationism
Dr. Andrew Wilson. Screenshot

Part 1 of a presentation by Dr. Andrew Wilson, Professor of Scriptural Studies at HJ International Graduate School for Peace and Public Leadership (HJI), New York, USA, given on a special online program 23rd April 2024 hosted by HJI and the Higher Purpose Forum (HPF).

See part 2, part 3, part 4, part 5

I call this topic “Evolutionary Creationism”.

And I will try to explain what I mean by “evolutionary creationism” and why it’s different from “theistic evolutionism”, which was another way that people who believe in God talk about evolution.

But the starting point for this topic of theistic evolutionism – or evolutionary creationism, to me – is that creation has priority. But at least in Unificationism, the Principles gives priority to mind over matter, and therefore the cause of the material universe is mental, spiritual, and ultimately the Creator, God, is the cause, and material creation is the result.

So God is the ground of science, whereas a lot of times with theistic evolutionists, they simply accept the evolution that science is proposing as a fact and say that this is the method that God chose to develop nature.

Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin in watercolour. Photo: Midjourney AI, prompted by Netha Hussain / Wikimedia Commons. Public domain image. Cropped

The problem with that view is that evolution itself, as Darwin defined it, makes matter the ground and leaves God at the periphery.

So you have a hard time figuring out just how God can be involved.

And Darwin himself said, you don’t really need God to explain evolution.

Whereas my position – evolutionary creationism – starts with God and shows that God‘s principles demonstrate the phenomena of nature that scientists call evolution.

So the Principles of Creation in the Unification teachings is the philosophical ground for connecting religion and science.

And there are a few points in the Principles of Creation that are basic.

God's duality of masculine and feminine
Extract from a slide used by Dr. Jin-su Hwang. Photo: FFWPU. Not used in Dr. Wilson’s illustration

First, God’s form is duality in relationship. God is a being of duality, of masculinity and femininity. And these are in constant harmony in relation with each other. And God created everything in the universe to make “object partner relationships” the form of God‘s self.

So just as God is a being whose parts are relating to each other, the universe is composed of pairs of male and female creatures.

Even in the world of astronomy, things are in relationship. Planets are in relationship with their central star and so on.

And all of those “object partner relationships” are manifesting at some level the form of God‘s own self.

Male and female join and take God‘s form in conjugal union and then co-create offspring as their second self.

Unificationists call this origin-division-union (O-D-U).

And so God‘s purpose for creating the universe is to have an “object partner relationship” with it, to have a relationship with a universe that God can relate with personally and intimately.

And God can do that through human beings who stand as the crown of creation.

Furthermore, human beings are the mediators who can comprehend the universe, the physical world, through science, and connect it with God through their spirituality.

So human beings are like the linchpin of God‘s creation.

That makes creation meaningful to God, the Creator, who created the universe.

Growth through 3 stages
Illustration used by Dr. Andrew Wilson during his presentation 23rd April 2024. Illustration: Andrew Wilson

So the Principles of Creation say that everything grows, everything develops, nothing is created fully formed.

Adam and Eve weren’t created fully formed as adult man and woman. They were created to grow through stages of growth, like everything. Beings grow through three stages – formation, growth, and completion – to reach perfection and fulfill the principle.

So God created the universe and had it develop through stages. And this correlates somehow with the Bible’s depiction of creation in six days.

The point about growth through stages is that there’s purpose at the end of that growth.

It’s not just evolution by chance and accident, drifting along so that something can emerge. There is already a purpose and a goal behind growth. So stars, planets, living beings, everything emerged for purpose.

Let there be light!

Universe expansion
Timeline of the universe. A representation of the evolution of the universe over 13.77 billion years. The far left depicts the earliest moment we can now probe, when a period of “inflation” produced a burst of exponential growth in the universe. (Size is depicted by the vertical extent of the grid in this graphic.) For the next several billion years, the expansion of the universe gradually slowed down as the matter in the universe pulled on itself via gravity. More recently, the expansion has begun to speed up again as the repulsive effects of dark energy have come to dominate the expansion of the universe. The afterglow light seen by WMAP was emitted about 375,000 years after inflation and has traversed the universe largely unimpeded since then. The conditions of earlier times are imprinted on this light; it also forms a backlight for later developments of the universe. Illustration: NASA/WMAP Science Team/ Art by Dana Berry / Wikimedia Commons. Public domain image. Cropped

We might say that from the time of the Big Bang, which correlates with scripture, God said, “Let there be light!”

There has been the development, through millions of years, of various forms of atoms, molecules, proteins, and finally creatures who can even contemplate the universe that they were created in. That’s what we have today in human beings who can study the universe and understand it.

So modern cosmology could be consistent with creation: the universe, beginning from one point, like the Bible says, God created by saying, “Let there be light!” And that pure energy, the light at the moment of creation was, in fact, a super-hot plasma that cooled to form atoms, stars, and planets.

And the outcome of all of that creative work is intelligent beings who can comprehend the whole. And how could that be? It seems like a lot.

The fine-tuned universe: Evidence of Creation

So we have this issue, which in cosmology is called the Anthropic Principle.

And behind the Anthropic Principle is the idea that the universe was finely tuned so that the outcome would be intelligent life and specifically human beings. I take this as evidence of creation.

So, in other words, that the universe is fine-tuned so that life could emerge, and therefore, human beings did not arise by chance.

It was in the design of creation itself, through the laws and mathematics and physical constants, that entities in the universe would form in stable arrays that could develop into stars and planets that could go around stars, that could have stable atmospheres and temperatures such that life could emerge in them.

And it’s finely tuned because even a small change in the physical constants that govern the development of the universe would make it unfit for life.

The universe would either expand, contract or blow up, or it would expand so rapidly that nothing would congeal into stars.

But in fact, the universe is fine-tuned so that everything works out, such that there can be the planet Earth, where human beings can live and develop science in which they could contemplate the universe.

And there are many, many pieces of evidence that indicate this fine-tuning.

And I’m not even going to go into it because it’s all very technical and has peculiar properties, like

Water – when water freezes, it floats instead of sinks.

The gravitational constant – if it were too weak, the planets and stars would not form. If it was too strong, the stars would burn up too quickly.

The strong nuclear force – if it were only 2% weaker, no helium or heavier atoms would be formed from hydrogen. It had to be the right amount.

The cosmological constant – which is the balance of gravity’s attractive force with the repulsive force of quantum energy of the vacuum. It had to be fine-tuned to 1 part in 10120.

The ratio of the electromagnetic force to the gravitational force between a pair of protons – If it were too small, the universe would be very short-lived because the protons would all collapse on each other due to gravity. And if it was too big, larger atoms like iron would never be generated.

The ratio of the mass of the proton to the electron – had to be exactly so for building blocks of life to be formed.

A certain energy state of carbon nucleus (the Hoyle resonance, 7.656 MeV) had to be just so for nuclear reactions within stars to burn helium to produce carbon and oxygen in ample amounts.

All of these are fine-tuned. It is evidence of fine-tuning.

Continued in part 2, part 3, part 4, part 5.

“Evolutionary Creationism – Fine-Tuned Universe” – text. Dr. Andrew Wilson

Featured image above:  The history of nature from the Big Bang to the present day represented in a spiral with notable events annotated. Each billion years (Ga) is represented by 90 degrees of rotation of the spiral. The last 500 million years are represented in a 90-degree stretch for more detail on our recent history.

Some of the events depicted are the emergence of cosmic structures (stars, galaxies, planets, clusters, and other structures), the emergence of the solar system, the Earth and the Moon, important geological events (gases in the atmosphere, great orogenies, glacial periods, etc.), emergence and evolution of living beings (first microbes, plants, animals, fungi), the evolution of hominid species and important events in human evolution. Illustration: Pablo Carlos Budassi / Wikimedia Commons. License: CC ASA 4.0 Int

Related to evolutionary creationism: Anthropic Principle – Universe Made For Us

Also related to evolutionary creationism: Evolution by Principle of Giving and Receiving

Also related to evolutionary creationism: New Insight on Evolution – a Feature of Creation

Also related to evolutionary creationism: Existence of God

And also related to evolutionary creationism: Arguments for God

Also related to evolutionary creationism: Principles of Creation

More, related to evolutionary creationism: Essence of God

Yet more, related to evolutionary creationism: God and Human Beings

Still more, related to evolutionary creationism: God

Even more, related to evolutionary creationism: Religion and Science

And yet more, related to evolutionary creationism: Spirit – consciousness and memory

And still more, related to evolutionary creationism: The Principles of Creation

And even more, related to evolutionary creationism: Frequently asked questions

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