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The Mission of the Only Begotten Daughter

Only Begotten Daughter

The feminine in Christology and the role of the Only Begotten Daughter

Andrew Wilson
Dr. Andrew Wilson. Photo (2015): FFWPU

Part 2 of a speech by Dr. Andrew Wilson, Professor of Scriptural Studies at HJ International Graduate School for Peace and Public Leadership (HJI), New York, USA. The speech was given 11th April 2024, the first day of an international online 3-day conference on “Peace and Public Leadership: Addressing the Challenges of Our Times”, organized by HJ International Graduate School for Peace and Public Leadership, New York, USA. Dr. Wilson’s speech was delivered during session 3, which had the theme “Christology and Women: Relevance for Peace”. Andrew Wilson’s current research interest is the theology of God as heavenly Mother.

See part 1, part 3

The mission of the Only-Begotten Daughter

Jesus Christ, the Only-Begotten Son, is the image of God‘s masculine nature. As we read in John 14:9,

“Whoever has seen me has seen the Father.”

Accordingly, Hak Ja Han Moon, the Only-Begotten Daughter, is the image of God‘s feminine nature.

But to fulfill that position, she has to recover the tarnished dignity of Eve who had sinned. After all, the idea that Eve was the main person responsible for the Fall goes all the way back to Adam, who blamed Eve. Right in the Garden, he said to God,

“The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me the fruit of the tree, and I ate.” (Genesis 3:12)

And ever since the Fall, women have been dominated by men. As we read in Genesis 3:16,

“Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

Therefore, despite the fact that the Only-Begotten Daughter was born sinless, she could not stand side-by side-with the Only-Begotten Son and share his authority and dignity without dealing with the fundamental problem of Eve’s tarnished dignity or Eve’s taint due to the Fall.

Mother Moon Moscow 1993
Mother Moon speaking in the Kremlin, Moscow in Nov. 1993. Screenshot from FFWPU video.

That is why Reverend Moon worked with Hak Ja Han by putting her through many difficult courses, on the family, society, national and world levels. He had her speak around the world, to Christian audiences and even in Beijing at the Great Hall of the People and in Moscow at the Kremlin. With that, finally he declared that Hak Ja Han had recovered the dignity of Eve:

True Mother won the supreme victory over the highest level of Satan’s world […]. Based upon that recognition by God and Satan and all people that she had fulfilled her responsibility as the True Mother […] she could occupy and act from the precious position of Eve whose mistake in front of Adam has been restored.” (Chambumo Gyeong 12-4-3, 8, 14th June 1999, page 1422)

Note that Reverend Moon does not deny the biblical story of the Fall, but affirms it and says that this woman, Hak Ja Han, has victoriously overcome the problem of Eve.

With that victory, the Only-Begotten Daughter also laid the foundation for all women to realize their original dignity as God‘s daughters.

Nevertheless, patriarchy is still well established and entrenched in Korea and in societies all over the world. And this has been Hak Ja Han‘s challenge of late: She has to overcome patriarchy.

Reverend Moon couldn’t do that for her, even though Hak Ja Han stood by Reverend Moon‘s side in a movement that celebrated him as the Messiah. That is because most Unificationists viewed her mainly as his consort.

Mother Moon and children
Mother Moon with some of her children, ca. 1971. Photo: FFWPU

She bore him 14 children and then stood by his side at Blessing ceremonies for giving rebirth. These roles of True Mother, to bear children both in the physical and spiritual sense, are, you might say, within a traditional mother’s role. In traditional Korean society, the woman stays at home and bears the children.

It is true that Reverend Moon praised her for more than that and had her walk beside him. The latter was an innovation, because in the traditional Korean society, women walk behind their husbands. Nevertheless, Reverend Moon was the one who called all the shots.

So Hak Ja Han, after Reverend Moon passed, was not in a very good position. To just stand up and say, “I’m the Only-Begotten Daughter. I’m the heir and the one who should lead the movement,” aroused a lot of push back.

She faced a movement that was not well prepared to accept her leadership because of the patriarchal entrenchment in society. That she, a woman, would exercise her authority co-equal to that of the male Messiah was an affront to established patriarchy.

Yet she has been confronting this bias directly by taking up the title “Only-Begotten Daughter”. She intentionally does not call herself by the title “True Mother”, which could be said to be a traditional woman’s role, but instead calls herself the Only-Begotten Daughter, the female Christ.

Cheon Seong Gyeong 2005v
The first English edition of Cheon Seong Gyeong from 2006. It was replaced by a far better version in 2013.

Her innovations were resisted. First, she revised the Unification scriptures. The revisions were well-warranted because there were mistakes in them and the Cheon Seong Gyeong in particular was poorly constructed. She also added her words, befitting to her position as the female Christ. Yet, the fact that she ordered revisions were controversial. “Who was she to change what the Messiah had authorized?” said those elders steeped in the patriarchal concept.

And then her own sons betrayed her, forming schisms, declaring that they were Rev. Moon’s true successors. They too were acting according to the traditional patriarchy in Korean society, where in Korean history, after the death of a king, the eldest son takes over, and the former queen stands aside.

But Mother Moon is fiercely determined to honour her position as the Only-Begotten Daughter for the sake of God’s ideal that must be gender-balanced.

Continued in part 3.

See part 1, part 3

Featured image above: Mother Moon, Hak Ja Han, speaking in Munich, Germany 19th May 2024. Screenshot from HJ Global News 25th May 2024 / FFWPU

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